In the field of Machine Learning, logistic regression is still the top choice for classification problems. It is simple yet efficient algorithm which produces accurate models in most of the cases. In its basic form, it uses the logistic function to calculate the probability score which helps to classify the binary dependent variable to its respective class. Logistic regression is the transformed form of the linear regression. In this post I have explained the end to end step involved in the classification machine learning problems using the logistic regression and also performed the detailed analysis of the model output with various performance parameters.
Logistic regression is used for binary classification problem which has only two classes to predict. However with little extension and some human brain, it can easily be used for multi class classification problem. In this post I will be explaining about binary classification. I will also explain about the reason behind maximizing log likelihood function.