Ensemble Learning says, if we can build multiple models then why to select the best one why not top 2, again why not top 3 and why not top 10. Then if you find top 10 deploy all 10 models. And when new data comes, make a prediction from all 10 models and combine the predictions and finally make a joint prediction. This is the key idea of ensemble learning.
It does not matter how much experience you have, actually anybody can start or switch to data science and machine learning. The only important this is, how much eager you are for it. What it means to you. If you are very much keen to work in this field then nobody can stop you. There might be some short term hurdles however if you are focused enough and know your goals regarding where you want to see yourself after certain years, then you will definitely be successful in overcoming those hurdles.
Bayes Theorem is the extension of Conditional probability. Conditional probability helps us to determine the probability of A given B, denoted by P(A|B). So Bayes’ theorem says if we know P(A|B) then we can determine P(B|A), given that P(A) and P(B) are known to us.
Variance and Standard Deviation are the most commonly used measures of variability and spread. Variability and spread are nothing but the process to know how much data is being varying from the mean point.
Principal Component Analysis or PCA is used for dimensionality reduction of the large data set. Using PCA we can speed-up the ML algorithms by reducing the feature spaces.
The Coefficient of Determination is the measure of the variance in response variable ‘y’ that can be predicted using predictor variable ‘x’. It is the most common way to measure the strength of the model.
Linear Regression is a field of study which emphasizes on the statistical relationship between two continuous variables known as Predictor and Response variables. Predictor variable is most often denoted as x and also known as Independent variable. Response variable is most often denoted as y and also known as Dependent variable.
Covariance and Correlation are very helpful while understanding the relationship between two continuous variables. Covariance tells whether both variables vary in same direction (positive covariance) or in opposite direction (negative covariance). Whereas Correlation explains about the change in one variable leads how much proportion change in second variable.