Principal Component Analysis or PCA is a widely used technique for dimensionality reduction of the large data set. Reducing the number of components or features costs some accuracy and on the other hand, it makes the large data set simpler, easy to explore and visualize. Also, it reduces the computational complexity of the model which makes machine learning algorithms run faster. It is always a question and debatable how much accuracy it is sacrificing to get less complex and reduced dimensions data set. we don’t have a fixed answer for this however we try to keep most of the variance while choosing the final set of components.

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